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Collection or Survey Unit

Collection or Survey Unit

Definition

There are various types and forms of collection units, used in different methods of archaeological field survey. In essence it is the spatial reference for the archaeological data collected in the field. Therefore, it must consist of a topographical or artificial unit, usually uniform in one or more attributes (such as area, geomorphology, present land-use or ground visibility). Quite often modern day fields/parcels are being used as unit boundaries, but another option (for example –though not exclusively– in less well-demarcated, open field areas) is to draw a grid of artificial survey units on the map before going into the field. The word tract is mostly used to describe the strip of ground covered by each individual walker within a survey unit. Confusingly, however, it is sometimes used interchangeable with the term survey unit.


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Research topics: Survey Methodology