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Regional Pathways to Complexity

Regional Pathways to Complexity
Attema, P., G.J. Burgers & M. van Leusen (2011), Regional Pathways to Complexity. Settlement and Landscape Dynamics in Italy in the 1st Millennium BC, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press
Researchers: Prof. dr. Gert-Jan Burgers, Dr. Martijn van Leusen, Prof. dr. Peter Attema
P. Attema & M. van Leusen
Central and Southern Italy
Bronze Age - Roman Republic
Topics: Field-walking Strategies, Methodology of survey archaeology
This volume synthesizes the results of a Dutch landscape-archaeological project in central and southern Italy, called Regional Pathways to Complexity (RPC). Although the project itself started in 1997 and formally ended in 2001, it is correctly viewed as only the latest in a long series of archaeological research projects by the Groningen Institute of Archaeology (GIA) and the Archaeological Centre of the Free University of Amsterdam (ACVU) in Italy. Accordingly, this volume synthesizes studies undertaken since the early 1980s as well as others conducted in the years since the RPC project ended.1

A study of central and southern Italy between the end of the Bronze Age and the end of the Roman Republican period presents several major challenges: the size of the region, the length of the period under investigation, and especially the difficulty to investigate effectively the long-term processes operating at this time in this area, processes that involved the growing complexity of indigenous societies, and the transformation of traditional rural and pastoral ways of life into urbanism during the period of ‘external’ Greek and Roman colonization. Our purpose was not only to synthesize the results of the fieldwork, but also to present interpretations of and reflections on these processes, the approaches we used to investigate them, as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the theoretical models applied by ourselves and others to explain our findings. This is why the introductory and concluding chapters contain extensive discussions of methodology. It is hoped that the RPC experience, once published, will be of interest to others pursuing similar studies. - summary
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Regions: Central Italy, Southern Italy
Periods: Bronze Age, Iron Age, Roman
Institutes: University of Groningen, VU University Amsterdam