Friday, December 6th
Preliminary reports of recent field work
Nina van Leerzaal, Allard Pierson Museum, Oude Turfmarkt 127

9.45-10.00 Welcome and session opening

Floris van den Eijnde Utrecht University
Survey at Thorikos: the 2012 and 2013 seasons
The excavations at Thorikos by the Belgian School between 1963 and 1989 have yielded many remarkable results. However, for all the years of investigation, the precise chronological and geographical extent of the site is not yet completely clear. The Belgian-Dutch Survey effort, begun in 2012, aims at fine-tuning our knowledge of the various periods of use of the site and determining the full extent of the settlement throughout its use. In this presentation some preliminary results will be presented, as well the implications of these results for future research on the slopes of Mt. Velatouri.

Luis María Gutiérrez Soler, Julián Ángel Martínez López, Javier Rey Arrans Universidad de Jaén
Initial results of the geophysical studies at Giribaile plateau
Nowadays, the Giribaile research project’s intentions are focused on the application of the geophysical method inside of the oppidum of Giribaile. We are developing a mixed study of electrical tomography and georadar. We have selected 1 ha inside the plateau of Giribaile and we are trying to get some additional information about the potential of the archaeological deposits and the general structure of the urban organization in this part of the Iberian city.
We´ve just begun to develop the electrical tomography method, but we have obtained the first archaeological data to complete the initial interpretation based on the survey documentation that took place in 2004-2005. Also, we have checked this new approach with the basic information provided by the excavation campaigns in 1968-1969.

Figure 1. The design of the electrical tomography campaign includes two rows of 5 lines of 112 m each. The distance between two lines is 25 m and the electrodes are nailed inside the ground each meter along the rows.

11.00-11.30 Coffee break

Harmen Huigens Leiden University
Tracing Mobile Communities: A Field Survey in the Hazimah Plains of the Jebel Qurma Region, Northeast Jordan.
Situated in the desert of northeast Jordan, the Jebel Qurma region hosts harsh and dry landscapes that have been inhabited in the past mostly by small, often mobile hunter-gatherer and pastoralist communities. Tracing the archaeological remains of such communities often presents a methodological challenge, since they are often limited in extent and spread out over large geographic areas. This challenge was taken up in June of 2013, when a field survey was carried out in the extensive Hazimah plains of the Jebel Qurma region. A survey strategy seldom used before in desert environments proved successful in finding the remains of small and ephemeral campsites and funerary monuments, ranging in date from Late Prehistory up to recent times. The methodology involved studying high resolution satellite imagery, extensive field surveying, as well as intensive transect walking. The latter method is usually applied to rather intensively occupied urban or rural landscapes, but has in this case been adapted to investigate a more marginal environment. The methodology that is presented in this paper may also be informative on how the remains of mobile communities in desert environments may be investigated elsewhere.

12.00-12.30 Discussion: new developments and trends in survey projects

12.30-13.30 Lunch break

Eva Kaptijn Sagalassos Archaeological Research Project, KU Leuven
Survey without collecting
Last summer, a new type of survey was conducted in the Sagalassos territory (SW Turkey), because new regulations from the Turkish government prohibited the collection of artefacts. This restriction posed serious problems for the intensive line walking method conducted in the previous years, which depends on detailed ceramic study. It was, therefore, decided to enhance the quality of the non-intensive survey carried out during the 1990s by resurveying the sites, while at the same time monitoring the changes in composition of artefact concentrations and preservation of standing remains. Additionally, the pottery collected during the 1990s was restudied in the depot leading to valuable modifications to the dating and interpretation of sites.

14.00-14.30 Tesse Stek et al. Leiden University
Preliminary results of intensive and extensive field surveys in Molise and Basilicata: the 2013 campaigns

As part of the recently started Landscapes of Early Roman Colonization project, about four months of field work has been undertaken this year in different parts of Central and Southern Italy, employing different strategies and methods. This presentation gives an outline of the goals and set-up of the umbrella-project, with particular attention to the different field survey methodologies that our teams employed and tested in the field, geared to specific research questions. Inter alia ‘traditional’ site-survey and intensive off-site survey in Molise, and tests with intra-site survey methods for large rural sites in both Molise and Basilicata are discussed. In a separate paper, Jitte Waagen discusses in more detail the sample strategy for the subproject in the Tappino Valley (Molise).

14.30-15.00 Tea break

Bilge Hürmüzlü – Uygar Hecebil
Results of Survey in Ancient Konane (Conana) and its Territory 2013
The Isparta Archaeological Survey (IAS) project concentrated on the ancient city of Konane (Conana) and its environment in 2013. Because of a new regulation of Turkish Culture Ministryin 2013, surveys in Turkey were not allowed to collect any archaeological material from the field in 2013! However, we still were able to record important finds for the history of Konane, such as an inscription on an dedication stone, which was found in an illegal excavation area. This altar, having been dated back to the 2nd/3rd century AD, is very important because it proves absolutely that once in that territory there was a cult of Meter Theon (Cybele).
On the other hand, ArcGIS software has been used in The Isparta Archaeological Survey, in order to reproduce the region’s ancient topography and thus synchronize visual and textual cultures with infrastructures like fortifications, roads, farms, and villages around the ancient town of Konane.
The subject of our poster for the Survey meeting in Amsterdam will deal with the new finds and the raster mapping of the area and the finds.

Methodological Issues: Survey and excavation

Vladimir Stissi Universiteit van Amsterdam
Session opening (including a small case study)

Anna Meens Leiden University
The potential for daily life in survey; Understanding survey collections in light of excavated household inventories
This paper is an exploration of the relationship between pottery assemblages as recovered in house contexts and survey collections in Greece. So far, only a limited amount of research has been undertaken to understand the relation between domestic assemblages and how they might be represented in the survey record. The chronological focus will be on the Iron Age, Archaic and Classical periods of mainland Greece.
From the select number of houses which yield a well-preserved household inventory we can understand what domestic assemblages can look like. The classes of pottery that make up such an assemblage represent different activities that people undertook on a daily basis. Are all those different activities visible in the collections made by survey archaeologists? Are they present in our survey material?
I present here a case study- and a work in progress- from the city of Hyettos (Boeotia, Greece). The material collected through intensive survey at this site will be compared to other survey assemblages from Greece. Those survey statistics will be contrasted to the excavated household inventories, in order to see if we can get a grip on the finer nuances of daily living through archaeological survey.

Wieke de Neef Groningen University
Relating surface and subsurface protohistoric remains: recent results of the Rural Life in Protohistoric Italy project

J. Seubers Groningen University
Relating surface and subsurface archaeology in the southern territory of Crustumerium
In 2011 the construction of new apartment blocks in Settebagni (northern Rome) required the dislocation of large amounts of soil. This soil was deposited on barren fields in the Tenuta dell’Inviolatella, about 2km south of ancient Crustumerium. Francesco di Gennaro (Archaeological superintendency of Rome) asked the survey team of the Groningen Institute of Archeology to perform an archaeological survey of the area, on the basis of which the excavation of multiple test trenches was commissioned (at the cost of the project developer). Overall it created a unique opportunity to investigate the relation between surface and subsurface archaeology in modern agricultural landscapes. In this sense it could form a valuable methodological case study for the surface/subsurface relation that is necessarily assumed in survey archaeology. Furthermore the case study would allow us to increase our knowledge of the ancient territory of Crustumerium and to learn about its current state of preservation in regard to post-depositional processes. This papers addresses some of the results of this specific study.

17.15 Drinks (location to be announced)
19.00 Social Dinner
Saturday, December 7th
Methodological Issues: interpretation of results
Doelenzaal, University Library, Singel 425

9.45 Welcome and session opening

Damjan Donev
Interpreting settlement dynamics on parish and micro-regional levels: the aspect of settlement displacement
The value of small and very focused surface artifact surveys has often been questioned on the grounds that they are incapable of producing results of a wider relevance. The limited spatial scope does not allow one to reach beyond the limits of the local, idiosyncratic developments. But seeing and understanding these developments is a problem in itself. On one of the previous conferences I exposed the aspect of settlement dispersal and agglomeration over the long-term and attempted to relate it to certain general social and economic tendencies. I will now turn to the aspect of settlement displacement and try to see how it relates to the inner topographic and geo-pedologic divisions of the surveyed terrains. I still hold to the view that these recurrent shifts across the landscape point to important themes from the history of individual settlements.

Martijn van Leusen Groningen University
Burial and exposure processes in an undulating landscape
As part of his ongoing methodological research into the formation and postdepositional history of protohistoric features and deposits in the Raganello basin (northern Calabria, Italy), the author's NWO-funded 'Rural Life Project' has recently focused on understanding burial and exposure processes affecting the preservation and discovery of protohistoric pottery during surface survey in one particular landscape type - the Undulating Sloping Land unit as defined by Feiken (forthcoming 2014). The paper will present and discuss a range of interrelated approaches (coring, geophysics, pedological and 
geomorphological studies, as well as computer simulation) that help us to understand how, when and where slope processes affect what we can now detect at the surface in this fairly typical landscape type.

11.00-11.15 Coffee Break

Victorino Mayoral Herrera*, Luis SevillanoPerea*, Macarena Bustamante Álvarez*, Sergio Alfonso Quintero, Cristina García Mena, Pedro Mateos Cruz*, Antonio Pizzo*
  • Merida Institute of Archaeology (Spanish Council of Research/ Government of Extremadura).
Exploring a small Roman city and its hinterland. The study case of Contributa Iulia (Medina de las Torres, Badajoz, Spain)
In this presentation we will give an overview of the results of two survey campaigns carried out in the Roman town of Contributa Iulia and its surrounding territory during 2012 and 2013. The aim of this work has been twofold. On one hand we had the opportunity of examining in detail the transformation of landscape and territorial structures before and after the foundation of the city. On the other hand, this intensive work has provided a great open lab to continue testing and improving our survey methods. Regarding the scale, we have been able to evaluate problems, possibilities and challenges of surface survey record in three different stages. First, we have been dealing with extensive, fast and quantitative methods for mapping the overall distribution of finds in great areas. Second, we have performed a careful review of areas of interest (not exclusively “sites” but also varying degrees of “background noise”). Third, we have invested a great effort in the intensive survey of the Roman town itself. As an entirely ploughed site, it offered a unique opportunity in the peninsular environment for the application of this kind of methods. We will briefly outline some strategies developed for the assessment of problems related with the reliability of surface record, like orientation of survey tracks, crew experience and criteria for site classification

11.45-12.15 Jeroen Poblome Sagalassos Archaeological Research Project, KU Leuven
How to survey a mountain?

12.15-12.45 Jitte Waagen Universiteit van Amsterdam
A stratified approach to tracking settlement organization in the Tappino Valley (Molise, Italy)
The Tappino Valley Survey (2013) is part of the larger Landscapes of Early Roman Colonization project, in which Roman colonial landscapes in the Republican period are assessed and compared to similar non-colonised areas.  One such non-colonial comparison study regards the Samnite world, with a case-study in the Tappino Valley. Data needs to be gathered and analysed to decide between an ‘Appenine’ model (hilltop villages on circa 5 km distance) on one extreme, a regularly dispersed model of habitation on the other extreme, or any variant in between. In purely spatial and quantitative terms, this would amount to estimating the degree of clustering of settlement versus a more heterogeneous spatial distribution. In order to test this, also taking into account the possible correlation with various environmental variables (soil, geology, geomorphology, etc.), we developed a stratified sampling approach, taking into account possible biases of non-response and detectability. The field campaigns have only just started and this paper focuses on the methodological design (sampling) of the surveys. Some preliminary comparisons with past field reconnaissance in the valley, in the direct surroundings of the hilltop sanctuaries of San Giovanni in Galdo, Colle Rimontato and Cupa, Gildone (Sacred Landscape Project) will be attempted.

12.45-13.00 Concluding remarks, Vladimir Stissi